Cuban cigars and Cuban tobacco dictionary

Ever wondered what those fancy terms the Cuban cigars smokers drop in their conversations? Well don’t be left out and get your Cuban Cigar vocabulary on par!

Anilla: The label or ‘band’ around a cigar. Anilla is the ‘Cuban’ version.

Aporque: The process of making the roots stronger of a Cuban tobacco plant.

Bonche: They cylinder shaped group of leaves that are formed when the Cuban cigar wrapper is filled with the last remaining leaves.

Boquilla:
The other end of the cigar also referred to as the ‘foot’ of the cigar.

Capa: Their are certain layers used to wrap a Cuban cigar. This refers to the outer leaf.

Capote:
Leaf used to ‘bind’ all the initial tobacco. The ‘binder’ leaf used in this process comes from the largest and is of the highest quality Volado leaves.

Casa de Tabaco:
Another word for ‘House of Tobacco’ or where the cigar leaves are prepared.

Casquillo:
The small part used to ‘cap’ the Cuban cigar - this cap is cut before lighting the cigar.

Catadores:
These guys have the best job or what! Catadores are official ‘testers’ of the Cuban cigars and get to try different cigars daily.

Cedros: Another wrapper used to wrap cigars in and also used to divide them once the cigars are placed in a box.

Cepo:
Every cigar has to be perfect, this is the template used to check the ring size, length and guage of the cigar.

Chaveta: Blade used by cigar assembles (Torcedores) that is semi-circular in shape.

Claro: Refers to the light brown wrapper on a finished cigar.

Colorado:
Refers to the dark brown wrapper on a finished cigar.

Colorado Claro: Refers to the mid brown wrapper used on a finished cigar.

Colorado Maduro:
Refers to the darker brown wrapper used on a finished cigar. Same wrapper used on most Cohiba cigars.

Cuje: After the cigar leaves are sewn in pairs, they are hung on this metal pole.

Curacion: Cuban for ‘curing’ or the drying process the Cuban tobacco goes through.

Desbotonar:
The process of removing the top ‘tobacco bud’ which promotes the growth of further leaves.

Deshije: Removing the remaining extra ’shoots’ after the ‘Desbotonar’ process.

Despalillo: Before the leaves of the Cuban tobacco leaf are ready to be rolled into a fine Cuban cigar, they are transferred to this ‘Stripping House’. The first fermentation occurs here.

Despalilladoras: Women who work at the Despalillo.

Escaparate: Cigars go through a rigorous process and have to be stored at a certain temperature. Usually at 16 to 18 degrees Celsius and at 65 to 70 percent humidity. This is the conditioning room where they are stored.

Escogida: Home of the second fermentation for Cuban tobacco leaves, also a place where the wrappers, fillers and binders are sorted out.

Figurado:
Refers to the ‘irregular’ end of some custom and limited cigars. ‘Double Figurado’ means irregular shape on both ends.

Fortalez: Strength of power of the cigar. Usually applies to the taste.

Galera: Or ‘Galley’, refers to the place where the cigars are hand made.

Gavilla: Cuban tobacco leaves that are already graded.

Goma:
The vegetable based liquid used to close the edge of the wrapper so your cigar stays intact.

Habanos: Also knowns as ‘Havanas’ represents the place in Cuba where the finest cigars in the world are made.

Habanos S.A:
The only company in the world that produces real Cuban cigars. The Vancouver Cigar Company is authorized by Habanos S.A.

Habilitaciones:
The ‘Cigar Box’ is an art piece in its own right, these are the decorations that go on the box.

Hecho en Cuba:
It basically means ‘Made in Cuba’.

Ligador:
The master of cigar rolling in a cigar factory.

Ligero:
The darkest and riches flavored leaves on the top of the Cuban tobacco plant.

Maduro:
Dark cigar wrapper.

Mecanizado:
Means ‘machine made’.

Media Rueda:
50 cigars tied up together - also known as half wheel.

Moja: The art of ‘moistening’ tobacco leaves.

Pacas: Bales in which tobacco leaves are ‘aged’.

Parejo: Straight parallel sided cigars.

Pertilla: Head of the cigar.

Seco: Medium flavored leaf that creates the beautiful ‘Cuban Cigar’ aroma.

Tabaco: Spanish for ‘Tobacco’ and also means ‘Cigar’ in Cuban.

Tabaco Negro Cubano:
The tobacco plant that was disocovered by Christopher Columbus. Also known as ‘Black Cuban Tobacco’.

Tabacuba:
The corporation that manges the agriculture aspect of Cuban Cigars.

Tabla: Wooden boards on which cigars are made.

Tapado: Tobacco (Used for wrappers) grown under sheets of cloth.

Tercio: The material Bales are made from.

Tiempos: Different type of Fortalezas.

Torcedor(a):
Official name for a cigar roller.

Totalmente a mano:
Means ‘all by hand’. Something the Cuban cigars are known for.

Tripa:
The blend of two or three type of different Cuban tobacco leaf that create the overall flavor.

Tripa Corta:
When instead of the whole leaf, chopped leaves are used.

Tripa Larga:
Filler made from whole Cuban tobacco leaves.

Vegas Fina de Primera:
Individual and registered fields in Cuba restricted for Habanos leaves only.

Vitola: Refers to the size and shape of a cigar. In English its closest to the word ’structure’.

Volado: Light flavored leaves that help the Cuban cigar burn.

Yagua:
Cuba’s national tree that is also used to make bales to age Cuban tobacco in.

Zafado:
Loosening of Cuban tobacco after they are taken out of bails.

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